According to Statistics Canada, there has been significant growth in income inequality in both BC and Canada as a whole over the last 15 years. Through the 1980s and 1990s the Gini coefficient of income inequality for British Columbia averaged 0.29, but from 2000 to 2009, it averaged 0.33.
Among the provinces, only Alberta registered more after-tax income inequality than BC in 2009. The only other province above the Canadian average was Ontario. Prince Edward Island had the smallest income gap among the provinces. However, British Columbia ranked fifth and Alberta seventh in terms of inequality when market income is used (i.e., excluding government transfers and before taxes). Newfoundland and Labrador had the most income inequality, followed by Nova Scotia, Ontario and Quebec. This indicates that these provinces have had more success in terms of redistributing income through their tax and benefit systems than have British Columbia and Alberta.